Xylitol vs. Erythritol, What Are You Concerned about?
Here are some FAQs about Erythritol. We share them with you.
1, Which one is sweeter, Xylitol or Erythritol?
The relative sweetness of Xylitol is almost the same as that of sucrose, while the relative sweetness of Erythritol is about 0.7 DE, and the relative sweetness of Xylitol is higher.
2, Besides sweetness, what other flavor characteristics are there?
Both Xylitol and Erythritol have a cooling sensation, but the cooling effect of Erythritol is better than that of Xylitol. This is due to the fact that Erythritol has the highest heat of dissolution absorption, -43 kcal/g for Erythritol and -36.5 kcal/g for Xylitol.
3, Which is better for diabetic patients, Xylitol or Erythritol?
Glycemic index (GI) is 0 for Erythritol and 13 for Xylitol; the average insulin-lifting index is 2 for Erythritol and 11 for Xylitol, both are suitable for diabetic patients, but Erythritol has less effect on blood sugar.
4, Can both of them be metabolized and absorbed by the body?
After entering the body, Erythritol can only be filtered from the blood through the kidney and excreted through the urine because it cannot be digested and degraded by an enzyme system. Another 10% enters the large intestine, which is also barely utilized by bacterial fermentation.
Xylitol 80% is metabolized through the liver, more than 50% is transformed into glucose, about 45% is oxidized, and the other very little part becomes lactic acid.
5, What is the energy factor of the two in the nutrition label calculation?
The energy factor of Erythritol is about 1.7 kJ/g and that of Xylitol is 16.7 kJ/g.
6, Safety and tolerance?
The tolerance level of Erythritol is about twice that of Xylitol. The tolerance level of Erythritol for men is about 0.68 g/kg body weight and for women is about 0.8 g/kg body weight; the tolerance level of Xylitol for men is about 0.3 g/kg body weight and for women is about 0.3-0.5 g/kg body weight.
7, What is the difference between the hygroscopicity of Erythritol and Xylitol?
Xylitol has higher hygroscopicity than Erythritol: Erythritol does not absorb moisture even at 90% air humidity; Xylitol absorbs about 7.64% of moisture at 86% relative humidity (23°C, 2d).
8, What is the difference in the use in the regulations of each country?
In China, both Xylitol and Erythritol are food additives and can be used as needed in all types of food.
In other countries and organizations, FDA classifies Xylitol and Erythritol as GRAS substances; JECFA (International Expert Committee on Food Additive Regulations of Food and Agriculture Organization) approves Xylitol as a Class A food additive, and the ADI value is not specified.
9, Does it have side effects?
Excessive consumption of Xylitol can produce side effects such as bloating, intestinal rumbling, and diarrhea, while Erythritol is more tolerable and less likely to cause side effects such as gas production or mild diarrhea.
10, Can Xylitol really kill dogs? Is there such a risk with Erythritol?
The dog's liver lacks the enzyme that can metabolize Xylitol, and the dog has a sweet tooth. large amounts of Xylitol can cause a sudden increase in insulin secretion in dogs, resulting in a sudden drop in blood sugar and a series of uncomfortable reactions, which can even cause death if not treated promptly. 3 grams of Xylitol can kill a 65-pound (about 30 kg) dog. Erythritol has not been found to have this risk.